Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD)

MSDs can be painful and debilitating injuries that can become chronic if left unresolved.
The best approach is to prevent them before they happen.

The following resources are available to assist you with your MSD prevention initiatives:

Office Ergonomics Reference Guide

Updated for the modern office, new technologies and home office situation

Now available online and as a downloadable PDF


Prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) at Work

Sample screen shots from the PainPoint app

This helpful app delivers a very basic ergonomic assessment by running through a series of diagrams and questions to:

•  pinpoint musculoskeletal pain

•  identify possible sources

 • discover practical solutions

The results are depicted on a body map, with recommendations to address work-related MSD hazards that could be contributing to your discomfort.

While a professional ergonomic assessment is considered the most effective way to address work-related discomfort, this app is a good first step to help you recognize the signs of MSDs and take action for prevention.

…right from your smartphone!

Download PainPoint now using the follow links:


No personal data is collected, but summary results can be shared with others (at your discretion) in order to report hazards or foster solutions.

MSD Prevention and Small Business

Development and Evaluation of Quick Start Guideline for MICRO & Small Business

Developing Procedures for Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) Prevention

This presentation will discuss the important elements that should be included in a Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) Prevention Program including assigning responsibility, workstation design, manual material handling procedures, procurement of tools and equipment, the training required and evaluation.

MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario

Developed by the Centre of Research Expertise for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (CRE-MSD)

Providing Workplace Solutions to Prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD), because…

Work shouldn't hurt logo

A collage of images that represents the key steps from the website

MSD Quick Start Guide

A simple and useful guide for busy people in small businesses

Roadmap to Success

Overview of the Ontario MSD Prevention Guideline for larger organizations.

Animations & Videos

Introducing MSD, website feature highlights, demonstrations and more…

MSD Resource Filters

Search for Prevention Resources based on your needs.

Centralized MSD Risk Assessment Resources

Not sure what method to use? The Tool Picker will help you find a method best suited to your work.

Employer? Workers? JHSC member?

The stakeholder tab gives quick access to information of use to you!


Learn more about our Ergonomic Tools and Calculators


The following references were used in the creation of these tools:

McAtamney, L., & Corlett, E. N. (1993). RULA: a survey method for the investigation of work-related upper limb disorders. Applied ergonomics, 24(2), 91-99.

Waters, T. R., Putz-Anderson, V., Garg, A., & Fine, L. J. (1993). Revised NIOSH equation for the design and evaluation of manual lifting tasks. Ergonomics, 36(7), 749-776.

Steven Moore, J., & Garg, A. (1995). The strain index: a proposed method to analyze jobs for risk of distal upper extremity disorders. American Industrial Hygiene Association, 56(5), 443-458.

Potvin, J. R. (2012). Predicting maximum acceptable efforts for repetitive tasks an equation based on duty cycle. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 54(2), 175-188.

Rohmert, W. (1973). Problems of determination of rest allowances Part 2: Determining rest allowances in different human tasks. Applied Ergonomics, 4(3), 158-162.

Sonne, M., Villalta, D. L., & Andrews, D. M. (2012). Development and evaluation of an office ergonomic risk checklist: ROSA–Rapid office strain assessment. Applied ergonomics, 43(1), 98-108.


Given the new normal of businesses and government striving to maintain services while reinforcing critical physical distancing,
more and more Ontarians are working from home.

OHCOW ergonomists offer tips in the following resources on taking the time to set up a proper workstation
to improve health, safety, and even productivity, which is better for everyone.

Setting Up Your Home Workstation

Home workstations warrant as much care and attention as in an office, particularly if used more than occasionally ( 1 day/week).

View PDF button

Ergonomic Tips for Working From Home in Ontario
During COVID 19

Recent webinar, in partnership with the Workers Health and Safety Centre (WHSC)

Ergonomic Tips for Temporary Home Workstations…3 Months Later

Providing an abundance of information and guidance on fitting your workstation to you, instead of contorting yourself to fit it…or alternatively, roaming around with a laptop.

Virtual Home Office Ergonomic Assessments

Available to anyone in Ontario who is currently working from home, and is concerned about their workstation set-up,
or suffering from a Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD) (or recent chronic pain). 

The service provides individual assessments performed 1:1 by an OHCOW Ergonomist via email, photos (or video), and telephone (or video conferencing).
It will focus on the use of available resources (eg. office equipment, furniture, household items, etc.) to improve workstation set-up (and use).
Recommendations will be in keeping with the current CSA Z412 Standard: “Office Ergonomics – An application standard for workplace ergonomics.”

Contact the Clinic nearest you to set up a phone or virtual assessment.