Mining Exposures and Health

Mining Exposures and Health

OHCOW has established an interdisciplinary team as part of its ongoing occupational disease cluster work with McIntyre Powder-exposed mine workers. Exposed miners report multiple diagnoses and/or symptoms related to exposure to McIntyre Powder (aluminum oxide dust) and the mining environment more generally, including:

  • cancers,
  • respiratory,
  • neurological,
  • cardiovascular, and
  • other health conditions.

OHCOW Medical Consultants and Occupational Hygienists completed literature reviews on issues common to groups of miners.

Links to the various reports are provided below, and will be updated as new information becomes available.

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Trading One Risk for Another

[EXTERNAL REPORT] – This review was undertaken in response to a request by OHCOW for the specific task of reviewing and identifying gaps in the Systematic.. Read More →

Kidney Cancer and Exposures in Ontario Mines

[REPORT] – Miners work with and around a variety of contaminants that are known or suspected kidney carcinogens. In summary, there is sufficient evidence in.. Read More →

Aluminum Dust Exposure and Evidence for Impairment of Cognitive Function

[EXTERNAL REPORT] – This review was undertaken in response to a request by OHCOW for the specific task of reviewing and identifying gaps in the Systematic.. Read More →

A Quantitative Retrospective Exposure Assessment for Former Chrysotile Asbestos Miners and Millers from Baie Verte, NL, Canada

[ARTICLE] In this article, we describe exposure patterns among a group of former employees of the Baie Verte chrysotile asbestos mine/mill. We also describe the.. Read More →

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Occurrence and Associations with Occupational Exposures and Smoking

[PAPER] – The purpose of this paper is to review COPD and etiologic factors that have been shown to be important to development of disease... Read More →

Background and Development of the WSIB Lung Cancer-Gold Miners Policy 16-02-07

[PAPER] The current WSIB Lung Cancer in Gold Mines Policy 16-02-071 (Appendix 1) sets out the guidelines that are considered in the adjudication of lung.. Read More →

Webinar: McIntyre Powder, Mining Exposures and Health Read More →

Physical and Chemical Characterization of McIntyre Powder

[EXTERNAL] An Aluminum Dust Inhaled by Miners to Combat Silicosis From the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Volume 16, Issue 11 – 18 Sep 2019 The.. Read More →

Bladder Cancer and Exposure in Ontario Mines

[PAPER] In the following summary only occupational exposures relating to mining as risk factors for bladder cancer will be addressed, but the literature drawn upon.. Read More →

McIntyre Powder: Fine (PM2.5) and Ultrafine Dust Exposures and Cardiovascular Disease

[REPORT] The purpose of this report is to identify characteristics of McIntyre Powder (MP) and McIntyre Powder exposures that could increase the risk for cardiovascular.. Read More →

Sarcoidosis: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Causal Associations with Occupational and Environmental Exposures

[DOCUMENT] The purpose of this summary paper is to provide basis for assessment of causation in cases of sarcoidosis among workers in the mining sector.. Read More →

McIntyre Powder: Biological Significance of the Manner of Exposure and Particle Size

[REPORT] The purpose of this report is to identify the characteristics of McIntyre Powder (MP) prophylaxis that may elicit different biological and toxicological responses when.. Read More →