Physical Demand Task Elements

Lift/Lower

Moving an object from one level to another (includes pulling or exerting upward force to hold a static object).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the task (what, where, how)
  • The weight of the object being lifted
  • Starting height of the lift
  • Final or end height of the lift
  • Whether right, left, or both hands were used
  • Horizontal reach distance (if applicable)

Carry

Transporting an object over a distance, usually holding in the hands, or on the arm(s) or shoulder(s).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the carrying task (what, where, how)
  • The weight of the object carried
  • The distance the object is carried
  • Height the object is carried at
  • Whether right, left or both hands/arms/shoulders used
  • Type of grip used

Push

Exerting force upon an object in order to move the object away from worker (includes striking and holding static).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the pushing task (what, where, how)
  • The maximum and average force
  • The distance traveled for the push task
  • Hand height(s) during the pushing task
  • Whether right, left, or both hands were used
  • Type of grip used

Pull

Exerting force upon an object in order to move the object towards worker (includes jerking and holding an object stationary).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the pulling task (what, where, how)
  • The maximum and average force
  • The distance traveled for the pulling task
  • Hand height(s) during the pulling task
  • Whether right, left, or both hands were used
  • Type of grip used

Reach

Extending hands and arms in any direction away from a neutral posture beyond a barrier or abstacle.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the reaching task (what, where, how)
  • Height of the hand(s) during the reach
  • Distance from the obstacle or barrier to the hand(s)
  • Whether left, right, or both hands were used

Grip

Seizing, grasping, holding, turning, or otherwise working with the hands. Fingers are simply an extension of the hand.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the gripping task (what, where, how)
  • Type of grip used
  • Direction of turning or manipulation (if applicable)
  • Whether left, right or both hands were used
  • Height of the hand(s) during the task
  • Reach distance required (if applicable)

Pinch

Using the fingers specifically, rather than the entire hand, to hold or manipulate an object.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the pinching task (what, where, how)
  • Type of pinch grip used
  • Whether left, right or both hands were used
  • Height of the hand(s) during the task
  • Pinch force required, if measurable
  • Reach distance required (if applicable)

Write

Holding a pen, pencil or stylus while drawing or making notes with written words on a surface.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the writing task (what, where, how)
  • Whether left or right hand was used
  • What type of writing surface (paper, box, tablet, etc.)
  • What type of writing utensil was used (pen, pencil, etc.)
  • Duration or amount of writing required
  • Hand height for the writing task

Fine Finger Movement

Using the fingers to manipulate one or more objects, requiring accuracy or precision.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the fine fingering task (what, where, how)
  • The number of fingers involved
  • Details regarding the precision or accuracy involved
  • Whether right, left or both hands are used
  • Height of the hand(s) for the task

Sit

Remaining in a seated position on a surface for a period of time. All or the majority of body weight is being supported.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the sitting task (what, where, how)
  • Type of seat surface
  • Seat height
  • Seat dimensions
  • Duration of time seated

Stand

Remaining on one’s feet in an upright position. This would involve a worker being stationary for a period of time.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the standing task (what, where, how)
  • Duration of standing task
  • Type of standing surface or terrain
  • Condition of standing surface (wet, dry, slippery, etc.)
  • Footwear used

Walk

Moving one’s self on foot over a measurable distance.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the walking task (what, where, how)
  • Distance from start to end of walking task
  • Duration of walking task
  • Type of walking surface or terrain
  • Condition of walking surface (wet, dry, slippery, etc.)
  • Footwear used

Knell

Supporting a portion of one’s body weight on one or both knees for a period of time.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the kneeling task (what, where, how)
  • Duration of kneeling task
  • Type of surface
  • Whether one knee or both knees used 

Crouch/Squat

Remaining in a lowered position for a period of time by bending one’s knees.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of crouching/squatting (what, where, how)
  • Duration of task

Balance

Maintaining body equilibrium to prevent falling on any number of surfaces (e.g. platform, slope, slippery surface, etc.).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of balancing task (what, where, how)
  • Duration of task
  • Type of surface
  • Whether one or both feet used
  • Condition of surface

Crawl

Moving one’s self on the hands and knees over a measurable distance.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of crawling task (what, where, how)
  • Duration of task
  • Distance from start to end of crawling task
  • Type of surface
  • Condition of surface (wet, dry, slippery, etc.)

Climb

Moving one’s self in the vertical direction on one or more surfaces (e.g. stairs, ladder, rope, ramp, etc.).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of climbing task (what, where, how)
  • Distance from start to finish of climbing task
  • Type and description of surface
  • Details of climbing surface (e.g. step height, ramp angle)

Taste

Distinguishing or recognizing, with a degree of accuracy, differences or similarities in particular flavours using the tongue.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of tasting task (what, where, how)
  • Type of food or product being tasted
  • Type or level of recognition or accuracy required
  • Tool(s) used in tasting task

Smell

Distinguishing or recognizing, with a degree of accuracy, differences or similarities in particular odours using the nose.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of smelling task (what, where, how)
  • Type of odour being smelled
  • Type or level of recognition or accuracy required

Speech

Delivering information through oral word to others.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of the speaking task (what, where, how)
  • Level of detail conveyed (single word, sentence, etc.)
  • Purpose of the speech

Hear

Perceiving particular sounds or spoken words by the ear.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of hearing task (what, where, how)
  • What sounds or words are required to be heard
  • Sound level that is being heard (dB)

Feel/Tactile

Perceiving attributes of objects by touching with the skin, particularly the hands and fingers.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of feeling task (what, where, how)
  • What object(s) are being felt
  • Detail(s) that are required to be detected by feel

Vision/Read

Perceiving detail, information, or written words by the eye(s).

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of vision task (what, where, how)
  • What is being viewed or read
  • Level of detail that is required to be viewed

Data Entry

Entering information. This is often completed using a physical keyboard or other technology, however, could be speech.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of data entry task (what, where, how)
  • Amount of information being entered
  • Type of technology being used to enter data
  • Whether one or both hands are used, or other body part

Driving

Operating and steering a vehicle in motion.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of driving task (what, where, how)
  • Type of vehicle being driven
  • Type of steering mechanism (wheel, levers, etc.)
  • Height of steering mechanism
  • Type of driving surface or terrain
  • Description of surroundings (traffic, workers, buildings)

Foot Action

Using the foot to operate or strike an object, such as using a pedal or a kicking motion.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of foot action task (what, where, how)
  • What object(s) are being operated or struck
  • Foot force required
  • Height and location of the pedal or object
  • Whether one foot or both feet are required`

Handling of Odd Objects 

Lifting or handling of oddly shaped or balanced objects or people such as patients.

Important Items to Document:

  • Description of handling task (what, where, how)
  • Type of object being handled
  • Weight or approximate weight handled
  • Duration of the handling task
  • Height of the handling task

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