What Are Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD)?

When a muscle, tendon, nerve or joint is stressed and traumatised on a repeated basis for days, months or years, those body tissues eventually become damaged. This leads to a work related musculoskeletal disorder. Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are sometimes called repetitive strain injuries (RSI), cumulative trauma disorders and overuse injuries. When a MSD develops a worker experiences:

  1. Swelling, as tissues become irritated
  2. Pain
  3. Stiffness and loss of range of motion of surrounding joints
  4. Inability to work and function at home

Besides the most common upper extremity disorders, MSD may also affect the low back, knees, ankles and feet.

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